Balochistan’s Nawab Akbar Bugti and Gen. Pervez Musharraf

The histories of three chiefs in Balochistan are legendary. Mir Chakar-i-Azam Rind, who brought the Baloch people together, is the first chief. He instilled a spirit of nationalism among his people. He assisted the Mughals in overthrowing Delhi’s Suri Sultanate. Humayun, the Mughal emperor, used Chakar-i-assistance Azam’s to reclaim his throne. Chakar-i-Azam resided with 7 families in the Satghara neighbourhood of Okara during his final years. Additionally, his grave is in Satghara. He is regarded as the greatest historical leader by the Baloch people. Nauroz Khan, another Baloch chief, follows him.

General Ayub Khan had a disagreement with the federal administration at the time. He therefore began a rebellion and sought solace in the mountains. In 1960, the state was represented in the negotiations by his nephew Sardar Doda Khan. According to the Holy Quran, the negotiators took an oath. They told him that all of his demands had been met by the government. After receiving these guarantees, the rebels finally gave up. However, the government broke their word and mistreated Nauroz Khan’s brother and sons when they were captured following the deal on the Quran. His brother and sons were hanged after being tortured. Sardar Nauroz Khan, who was 90 years old, passed away while still incarcerated.

The Baloch nationalists were incensed by this misdeed and breach of contract. Nawab Akbar Bugti is the third legendary chief in Baloch history. His character was so contradictory. He appreciated contemporary English writing and Western ideas. He did, however, promote a lot of terrible traditions. People were made to walk on coals to demonstrate their innocence in one tradition. He defended honour killings as well. He implied that God must also be a loving God at the same time. God shouldn’t punish His people, he claimed. It was difficult to ascertain his legacy under normal circumstances.

However, a tragedy later occurred close to Dera Bugti. This incident provided history the opportunity to reassess its perception of Akbar Bugti. What disaster was that? Why did General Pervez Musharraf seek to avenge the death of Akbar Bugti? How was Akbar Bugti killed? What impact did Akbar Bugti’s death have on the Pakistani Federation? You are watching the History of Pakistan series of “Dekho Suno Jano,” and my name is Faisal Warraich. We’ll tell you the tale of Akbar Bugti in this episode. It was a chilly night on January 3, 2005. Dr. Shazia Khalid from Sindh was by herself in her bedroom napping.

She worked as a physician at Dera Bugti’s Sui Hospital for Pakistan Petroleum Limited. At two in the morning, a man in a mask unlocked the door and went inside. At gunpoint, he tied Dr. Shazia up and sexually assaulted her multiple times. Dr. Shazia was bound with a telephone wire by the masked man, who then ran away. Dr. Shazia was severely hurt and spent hours trying to escape. She faced a painful lifer after finally getting rid of the telephone wire. For two days, she was not permitted to see anyone. Even trying to reach her spouse and relatives proved impossible. Dr. Shazia was coerced into signing a statement by security officers and Dr. Usman, the chief medical officer of Sui Field Hospital.

Dr. Shazia said in this statement that there had been a robbery at her home but she had decided not to report it. She was relocated to Karachi as a result of her remark. She was unable to provide the police with her statement. She was not even free in Karachi since security was stationed outside her house. For a long period, she was unable to interact with or meet any outsiders. Her Sui, Dera Bugti room had all traces of the rape gone. Later, she spoke with the BBC in an interview. One MI major, according to her, allegedly asked her not to speak with the police. He claimed to be aware of who the offenders were.

Dr. Shazia was requested to leave Pakistan by the Major because her life was in danger. After a few days, according to Dr. Shazia, another meeting took place. She was visited by ARY anchor Dr. Shahid Masood and his colleague Mohsin Baig. Dr. Shazia was informed that her husband and she were in danger. They gave them assurances that they would support the pair. Dr. Shahid Masood then left with their passports. Within two days, he obtained visas for them, then gave them their passports back. Dr. Shazia visited London at the middle of March, whereas the tragic rape took place in January. She then moved to Canada, but her case has never been resolved.

The rape atrocity, however, had increased tensions worldwide during those three months. An army officer named Captain Hammad was charged with mistreating Dr. Shazia. Nevertheless, Dr. Shazia never acknowledged that Captain Hammad had committed the crime. In a previous BBC interview, she had stated that she was unable to identify the assailant. She claimed that the perpetrator had blindfolded her and the room was dark. She asserted, however, that she knew the voice of the assailant. The court heard this matter, but it was unable to make a decision. She was presented with a group of people for identification, but she was unable to identify any of them.

Dera Bugti was furious about the case because it involved the Sui region. In this region, Nawab Akbar Bugti served as the ruler. He had started moving. He and other Baloch nationalists believed it was a serious assault on their honour and an abuse of their guest doctor because it happened in their neighbourhood. The Murree tribes and Akbar Bugti were already dissatisfied with the federal authority. After this catastrophe, they became more enraged. The government was ordered by Bugti to deliver Captain Hammad and the other defendants to a tribal court.

He suggested that the accused walk across hot coals in front of the tribal court to demonstrate their innocence. However, the government turned down this request. The denial of the administration infuriated the citizens of Bugti. They began assaulting government buildings. Armed men wielding AK-47 rifles, rocket launchers, and mortar rounds assaulted Sui Gas Field. Currently, the Sui Gas Field provided 45% of Pakistan’s gas needs. But the attacks forced the authorities to shut it down. The supply of gas was cut off in major cities like Karachi and Lahore. The government made an effort to communicate with Akbar Bugti, the tribe’s chief. The administration attempted to control the situation, but Akbar Bugti was unwilling to cooperate.

He asserted that the culprits should be apprehended by the authorities before he speaks with them. However, no offender was ever detained by the government. However, General Musharraf accused Akbar Bugti of subverting the government. Akbar Bugti was the target of a military action by General Musharraf. Later, he also defended this procedure. Tanks, helicopters, and 4,500 soldiers were despatched to Balochistan by General Musharraf. He also threatened to take harsh action if the extremists continued to target government buildings. He claimed that the assailants wouldn’t know what hit them. Dera Bugti was transformed into a battlefield as a result of these remarks.

Then, on March 17, a significant onslaught was conducted in Dera Bugti. This incident resulted in 30 deaths. The visitor area at Akbar Bugti also suffered significant harm. Security organisations gave the citizens the order to vacate Dera Bugti on this occasion. However, the locals either refused to heed the orders to evacuate or were scared of the Nawab. The majority of the locals were reluctant to leave their houses. Some of the Bugtis’ minor branches, though, did not support Akbar Bugti. Even some of his supporters were engaged in conflict with these tribes. Masuri Bugti and Kalpar Bugti were two of these clans. The Kalpar Bugti tribes were ferociously hostile to Nawab Akbar Bugti.

Both sides had been responsible for the deaths of others. 70,000 Kalpars had also been compelled to flee Balochistan by Nawab Akbar Bugti. These internally displaced individuals were dispersed throughout Sindh and Punjab. The military action and General Musharraf were being supported by a Baloch organisation or Jirga. This group also included the clans of Kalpar and Masuri Bugti. throughout the course of General Musharraf’s military campaign against Akbar Bugti. There was yet another change. There was discontent among some of General Musharraf’s closest political allies.

This favour was granted during Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s tenure as prime minister of Pakistan in the 1970s. Some political figures opposed him. The father of Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi, was one of those politicians. Cases like buffalo theft were brought against these leaders under the Bhutto regime. Then, there were other occasions where politicians were arrested. A case was also started for Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi. He was accused of bringing weapons into Balochistan. Additionally, he was accused of sheltering separatists.

He was detained and held in Balochistan’s Kohlu Jail. According to Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, Akbar Bugti received a communication from Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. In a police encounter, he gave him the order to kill Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi. Balochistan’s governor at the time was Akbar Bugti. He objected and declared that he would not join the plot. He also offered Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi protection. Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi was sent home with him in charge of security. Chaudhry Shujaat was now motivated to save Akbar Bugti as a result of this favour. So, as a last resort, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain got in touch with Akbar Bugti.

He asked the Nawab to meet with him. ‘ Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain appeared to have known what General Musharraf had in mind. His goal was to keep Akbar Bugti alive. Nawab Akbar Bugti responded by criticising Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain. He claimed that 3 days prior, FC had slain 60 individuals. They were not brought back to life by this meeting. Akbar Bugti was thinking about historical parallels as well. He declared Chaudhry Shujaat to be the leader of the opposition. But while his party was in power, similar tragedies were occurring in Dera Bugti. He claimed to still have faith in Chaudhry Shujaat’s honest attempts to bring about peace, though.

Akbar Bugti claimed that he was fully aware that someone other than Chaudhry Shujaat held the relevant power. There is no doubt that Akbar Bugti was alluding to General Pervez Musharraf. On March 24, a few days after this interaction, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain visited Akbar Bugti at his residence in Dera Bugti. Dera Bugti seemed like a battleground at the time. Everywhere there were armed troops and military checkpoints. Houses and walls had bullet holes in them. More than 30 individuals, including women, children, and members of the Hindu community, were reportedly murdered in the fighting, according to Akbar Bugti. In Dera Bugti, 2 members of the security forces were also murdered.

This is how Chaudhry Shujaat arrived in Dera Bugti. He was accompanied by Moonis Elahi, Naseem Zehra, and Senator Mushahid Hussain Syed. They were all warmly welcomed by Akbar Bugti, who led them to a room in his home. The ground had a sizable hole in it. The military shelling, according to Sardar Akbar Bugti, is what caused this crater. He said that he was using a satellite phone when the shell struck his home. The government wanted to have him killed, he claimed, and that was the message. because a shell was shot at him and his phone was tracked.

But he was safe because the shell dropped a short distance from him. His granddaughter was hurt in the bombing, though. They talked for between three and four hours in this uncomfortable setting. Shujaat once questioned how Nawab Akbar Bugti intended to address the issue. First and foremost, according to Akbar Bugti, the military station in front of his house should be taken down. He claimed that the post had interfered with his home’s privacy. He voiced his concerns over the Sui Gas royalty to Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain. Additionally, Akbar Bugti defended his right to possess guns for self-defense.

In other words, the situation had expanded significantly from the Dr. Shazia instance. In addition, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain promised him several things about provincial rights and gas royalties. It appears that Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain claimed to be completely empowered during these conversations. Additionally, he was a parliamentarian. But throughout the conversations, he was continuously speaking on the satellite phone. He appeared to have no power. He kept on chatting to the same person. Most likely, that individual was General Musharraf. Akbar Bugti was informed by Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain that he needed some time to think about his demands.

In other words, the situation had expanded significantly from the Dr. Shazia instance. In addition, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain promised him several things about provincial rights and gas royalties. It appears that Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain claimed to be completely empowered during these conversations. Additionally, he was a parliamentarian. But throughout the conversations, he was continuously speaking on the satellite phone. He appeared to have no power. He kept on chatting to the same person. Most likely, that individual was General Musharraf. Akbar Bugti was informed by Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain that he needed some time to think about his demands.

These actions demonstrated that the snow was melting and that the violence would end. Chaudhry Shujaat achieved another victory. He arranged for Akbar Bugti and Musharraf to have a private meeting. The location of the conference was set as Islamabad. For the meeting, Akbar Bugti was also prepared. So Akbar Bugti was transported to Islamabad on an aircraft. Additionally, General Musharraf and Akbar Bugti were scheduled to hold their final negotiations. Akbar Bugti got a call from the President’s Office as he was getting ready to leave. The caller said that a technical issue prevented the plane in Dera Bugti from taking off.

As a result, this meeting was called off. After the call, the plane was seen flying away from Dera Bugti, according to Akbar Bugti. Immediately after the call, the plane took off. Perhaps a member of General Musharraf’s staff or even the general himself did not want to see Akbar Bugti alive any longer. Baloch politician Mir Zafarullah Jamali, who served as Prime Minister under President General Pervez Musharraf, provided evidence of this in an interview. Now, on December 14, 2005, there was still another event. In Balochistan’s Kohlu region, General Musharraf was inspecting Frontier Corps outposts. His chopper was attacked by 6 to 8 missiles from militants.

But General Musharraf was untouched by these rockets. The Frontier Corps’ commander, Maj. Gen. Shujaat Zameer Dar, and Brigadier Saleem Nawaz visited the attack site the following day. Rockets were also fired at them by militants. The assault caused injuries to both guys. General Musharraf started a full-scale offensive against Akbar Bugti after three days had passed. The authorities also restricted media access in the areas of Kohlu and Dera Bugti. Currently, the information coming from there has been censored. This information was given to the media by General Musharraf and his associates. The Pakistani people also received the same information.

General Musharraf denied that any military activity had taken place. He claimed that only one tribal chief was the target of his actions. Additionally, he asserted that only 3 chiefs opposed the government. While the other 75 tribal leaders in Balochistan got along just fine with the government. Musharraf reportedly denied learning about the operation, according to government filtered material. Additionally, he stated that there were barely 1,000 military, paramilitary, and other security forces present. Nevertheless, six army brigades were reportedly involved in the operation, according to US intelligence. The operation involved around 25,000 soldiers in total, including paramilitary elements.

Despite the fact that General Musharraf denied any operation, However, the local sources verified that an operation was being carried out by security forces. They claimed that for several days, security forces bombed Kohlu and the surrounding villages. The Human Rights Commission report states that numerous structures in Kohlu and Dera Bugti were destroyed. Additionally, 85% of the local populace was compelled to leave the area. Since December 2005, Kohlu’s region had been cut off from the rest of the nation. Food and even medications were in short supply for the locals.

On the other hand, armed Baloch nationalists were attacking railroad tracks and gas pipelines. They also targeted additional electrical installations and power grid stations. There had been 187 bomb explosions by the end of 2005. During this time, there were 275 missile assaults, 8 gas pipeline attacks, 38 power line attacks, and 19 railway line attacks. These incidents all happened in Balochistan regions with a high Baloch population. The operation carried on until August 2006 at the same rate. General Musharraf presided over a significant gathering in August. Additionally present at the meeting was DG MI Major General Nadeem Ejaz.

One of General Musharraf’s closest friends was Nadeem Ejaz. After taking office, General Musharraf convened elections for local authorities. Another key player in the administration of these elections was Nadeem Ejaz. Despite the fact that at the time he was a colonel. Additionally, he was widely suspected of abducting and torturing PML-N and PPP members. He was accused of serious wrongdoing by Benazir Bhutto, Javed Hashmi, Pervez Rashid, and Khawaja Saad Rafique. He was implicated by Tehmina Daultana and even Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, head of the PML-Q. Major General Nadeem Ejaz was accused of interfering with the elections for local bodies by Chaudhry Shujaat.

He further claimed that the head of MI had abducted his security personnel. A UN commission has also accused Nadeem Ejaz of something. After Benazir Bhutto’s murder, it was claimed that the authorities removed all evidence. The evidence washed away, per the UN report, at Nadeem Ejaz’s direction to Islamabad Police Chief Saud Aziz. However, when General Pervez Musharraf’s delivery vehicle was ambushed in Rawalpindi… For several days, the area was blocked off, but it wasn’t cleaned to preserve the evidence. So, at the time of the operation against Akbar Bugti, the same General Nadeem Ejaz served as DG MI.

He was currently present at the General Musharraf conference. Along with some other significant individuals, Chaudhry Shujaat was present at this gathering. In the meeting, General Ejaz used extremely strong language against Nawab Akbar Bugti. He informed General Musharraf of Akbar Bugti’s mountainous hiding place. But soon he will track him down. Nadeem Ejaz, in Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain’s opinion, may have made a risky choice regarding Akbar Bugti. Following the meeting, he invited Mushahid Hussain along, and the two of them went to the home of General Nadeem Ejaz.

When Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain met General Ejaz, he shared a crucial information with him. He claimed that Akbar Bugti was confronting the administration at the time. However, he was one of the few politicians and tribal leaders who… never uttered the word secession. Instead, he consistently stood out for Pakistan’s union against the Baloch nationalists. Chaudhry Shujaat urged General Ejaz to detain him rather than execute him. Another event had occurred by the time Chaudhry Shujaat and General Ejaz were addressing this issue.

In fact, Akbar Bugti relocated to Kohlu, 158 kilometres away from his home in Dera Bugti. He was with his militants here in the highlands of Taratani, somewhere. And among the final images of that location is this one. He was camped out in a cave. Without local guides, it was difficult to locate him there. He was located by security services on August 26. Seven soldiers reportedly approached the cave, per ISPR. They found its broad entrance. It demonstrated how big of a hiding this was. However, a military spokesman stated that the soldiers were unable to enter the cave.

because the hideout’s roof unexpectedly collapsed. The cavern had caved in. Both those within the cave and the seven soldiers who were nearby both perished. Some claim that the cave was destroyed by a rocket or missile that was launched at it. Whatever the case, the cave’s roof had already collapsed. Every person there and nearby was buried beneath the rocks. The following day, the news made headlines. Akbar Bugti, his 32 aides, four security personnel, and one soldier perished in the Kohlu great operation, according to headlines. The officials asserted that they had found Bugti’s body after 6 days.

However, they did not give his family back his deceased corpse. Instead, it was stored in a casket that was locked. On September 1st, one day before Bugti’s funeral, Abdul Samad Lasi was named DCO Dera Bugti. He oversaw the funeral for Bugti. A brief funeral prayer was followed by the burial of Bugti’s casket. General Musharraf defended the military operation following the passing of Akbar Bugti. Whatever occurred, he claimed, was right. If he were tempted, he declared that he would carry out the same deed again. Chaudhry Shujaat, on the other hand, expressed his sorrow at Bugti’s passing. Nawaz Sharif, who is now in exile, referred to Bugti’s demise as a “target killing.”

Amin Fahim, the leader of the PPP, claimed that the government was playing with fire. In Islamabad, a meeting was held the same day. The meeting was attended by General Nadeem Ejaz. He informed General Musharraf and the political figures that it was rumoured that after Bugti was killed, residents of Dera Bugti were celebrating. He was interrupted by Chaudhry Shujaat with a well-known verse. You shouldn’t rejoice when your opponent passes away because eventually your friends will also pass away. The armed insurgency in Balochistan continued after the passing of Akbar Bugti. General Musharraf believed that only three tribal chiefs were involved in this insurrection.

These three chiefs, in his opinion, were Akbar Bugti of Sui, Kher Baksh Muree of Kohlu, and Ataullah Mengal of Wadh. However, the protests had now spread from Quetta to Gawadar. This marked the beginning of the fifth and longest armed revolt in Balochistan. The present period in Pakistan’s history was challenging and peculiar. After the Kargil War, General Musharraf started granting licences to private TV channels to create a national and worldwide narrative. In Pakistan, communication corporations made significant investments. This investment produced employment. However, the country was also seeing an increase in terrorism.

Terrorism had grown to be a threat, particularly in the northern regions. Every provincial capital in Pakistan has fallen victim to terrorism. Before every Friday prayer, there was a boom in the centre of every provincial capital. It was at that time when a religious expert from Yemen travelled to Pakistan. His goal was to interact with prominent Pakistani academics and incite them to launch an armed uprising against the ruling party. Who was this scholar of religion? What happened when he arrived, causing the Pakistani people to be unable to sleep for days?

In the upcoming episode of the History of Pakistan series, we will demonstrate all of this. The series on Pakistan’s history is now finished. By selecting this playlist, you can see the full narrative from Pakistan’s founding till the 56th episode. You may see the contemporary conflicts inside the Muslim World here. The best biography of Soviet tyrant Joseph Stalin is available right here.Contact Us

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